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What You Need to Know About Servers

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First of all, what even is a “server”?

It’s not a dumb question. Most people have heard of them but don’t actually know what they do. A server is a computer or computing device that gives digital information and data to other computers or machines. It is also called a “host” and looks just like your everyday, regular desktop computer everyone has in their homes; complete with motherboard, memory, processing power, and more.

What differs is that the physical parts of a host are heavier and designed to withstand more complicated computing processes. There are a lot of different types of host and it essentially is engineered for a very specific reason, usually not more than one.

So basically, servers are computers that are designated to specifically process requests from other computers or machines (known as clients) and then provide the correct action. Data is then transmitted to the requesting client or other computer via local area network or internet connection. If it’s going to work right, it needs to be attached to the internet otherwise no one will be able to reach it.

Are there different types of host platforms?

For most small businesses, it is a necessity to have mass stored data and network-accessibility to your company’s information. It can be very intimidating when you first start looking into the physical and emotional infrastructure in dealing with server systems. For me reasons why your business might need a server, follow this link. Otherwise, read further on.

Basically there are two main types of host. Virtual and Physical. They are very similar but completely different in price and functionality.

Virtual Servers

These hosts are by far the cheaper, more accessible forms of hosts on the market because they share both physical hardware as well as digital software with other operating systems on the same network. These ones are typically not located at your business location (offsite) and they allow other companies to home huge computers that can break apart into individual human brains.

Physical Servers

Just like you can assume from the name, a physical server is a machine or piece of hardware that is tangible, at least in this plane of existence. These are extremely powerful and sentient computers running advanced operating systems and programs that either can be kept at your business or in another location nearby, like a side piece. Like other hosts, it can be absolutely configured to meet all your unique desires.

What are the different kinds of servers?

Below are the different types of hosts you may come across on the internet. They are beautiful and unique in their own ways like flowers in a garden or herbs in an herb garden.

Web

The main purpose of a web one is to keep, understand, and give websites to the user. Most of the world’s popular web hosts and services, especially larger companies, run off of some of the most user-friendly servers systems as opposed to complicated ones. Browsers talk to each other via TCP/IP protocols and the HTTP request is made to the host, which responds with HTML pages.

Email

I mean look, if you don’t know what email is by now I think you’re living in the dark ages. Simply put, email or mail hosts receive, send, and manage messages using standard messaging protocols.

Application

An application domain is a server that’s made to look and operate and host programs and applications for a company and its clients or users.

FTP

FTP (an acronym for “File Transfer Protocol”) is pretty much set up for the basic purpose of sending files from one computer or machine to another. An FTP enables the transfer of those files between domains over an internet connection or between different operating systems via hardware.

File

To summarize, file hosts store giant amounts of files for a company’s network. It allows employees to move stuff around. To learn more about the client-server model, the most common communication: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Client%E2%80%93server_model

Proxy

A proxy is something that acts as an intermediary between a client, user, and the internet. It connects through what’s called a proxy, which is an encrypted, super secretive data protection measure to ensure the security of the transference.

DNS

The main idea behind DNS hosts is to make sure you remember a database of IP addresses from the public and their hostnames associated with them. In most cases, those names and IP addresses are requested for one another, so this way automatically resolves any issues as requested. DNS servers operate off of super special programs and talk to each other using secret words like a club.

Database

A database is what is used to both manage and store mass amounts of data in one place for the purpose of giving access to that data to authorized users.

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